CoronavirusLast update: 15/06/2021
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause illnesses ranging from the common cold (some seasonal viruses are coronaviruses) to more serious diseases such as MERS or SARS. The virus that has been identified in China is a new coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2. The disease caused by this virus has been named COVID-19.
What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
The main symptoms are:
- Sore throat
- Dry cough
- High temperature
- Feeling faint
- Muscle aches
- Breathing difficulties
One of these symptoms is sufficient to prompt a diagnosis.
The elderly and those with existing health conditions (diabetes, immune deficiency, chronic respiratory disease, cancer, etc.) are more likely to develop a severe form of the disease.
Close contact (within less than 1 metre) with an infected person is required for the virus to be transmitted, and the longer the contact, the greater the risk.
Transmission occurs via respiratory droplets containing the virus which are expelled when people cough or blow their noses.
There are two ways of becoming infected:
- If droplets directly reach the mouths or noses of people nearby (within a radius of 1 metre)
- It is also possible to become infected by touching a surface or object which has been contaminated with respiratory droplets (door handles, when shaking someone’s hand, etc.) and then touching your mouth, nose or eyes with your hand
Like many viruses, by circulating and transmitting themselves, the coronavirus that appeared last year in China makes copies of itself.
However, this multiplication is accompanied by some "modifications" of the genome. These changes are called mutations. Some of these mutations are favorable to the virus and allow it to survive in new people or new environments. Sometimes a mutation results in the emergence of a new, slightly different strain of the virus called a variant.
COVID19 mutates like any other virus.
Screening for Covid19 variants is sought during a positive test for the Sars-CoV-2 coronavirus.
Regarding the symptoms, for the time being, according to observations, the clinical signs observed in people positive for the English variant VUI-202012/01 are exactly the same as during an infection with Sars-CoV-2 / Covid19 (fever , cough, loss of taste and smell, breathing difficulties, etc.).
If you have symptoms, call the COVID call centre (92 05 55 00), which will inform you of the procedure for obtaining a PCR test if necessary.
If you need medical advice, call your GP or doctor on call. If necessary, he will offer you a teleconsultation.
If you think you have been in contact with someone positive for COVID-19, and you have no apparent symptoms, strictly observe the barrier measures (wearing a mask, hand washing, social distancing) including with your loved ones. If after 5 days, no symptoms have appeared, the risk becomes low that you have been infected.
However, we recommend that you consult this document which will tell you in detail the procedure to follow.
If you have been diagnosed with COVID-19, but the doctor who examined you did not identify any criteria requiring you to be hospitalised, you will be able to remain at home.
In this case, you will be treated remotely, for a period of 10 days after the onset of your symptoms or, if you have no symptoms, for a period of 10 days after taking your test.
Your doctor will be contacted and informed of the treatment that has been offered to you.
As part of your care, you will be contacted once or twice a day by a doctor who will monitor your medical condition, either by telephone or via teleconsultation.
If you wish, a social worker can ensure that you are put in touch with the logistical support teams who will bring shopping to your home or deliver meals in conjunction with Monaco Town Hall.