CoronavirusLast update: 15/06/2021
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause illnesses ranging from the common cold (some seasonal viruses are coronaviruses) to more serious diseases such as MERS or SARS. The virus that has been identified in China is a new coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2. The disease caused by this virus has been named COVID-19.
What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
The main symptoms are:
- Sore throat
- Dry cough
- High temperature
- Feeling faint
- Muscle aches
- Breathing difficulties
One of these symptoms is sufficient to prompt a diagnosis.
The elderly and those with existing health conditions (diabetes, immune deficiency, chronic respiratory disease, cancer, etc.) are more likely to develop a severe form of the disease.
Close contact (within less than 1 metre) with an infected person is required for the virus to be transmitted, and the longer the contact, the greater the risk.
Transmission occurs via respiratory droplets containing the virus which are expelled when people cough or blow their noses.
There are two ways of becoming infected:
- If droplets directly reach the mouths or noses of people nearby (within a radius of 1 metre)
- It is also possible to become infected by touching a surface or object which has been contaminated with respiratory droplets (door handles, when shaking someone’s hand, etc.) and then touching your mouth, nose or eyes with your hand
Surgical masks prevent people who are infected from passing on the disease, but offer no protection when worn by those who are not infected.
FFP2 masks are not effective if not properly fitted and are uncomfortable to wear; they are reserved for use by emergency and health care staff only.
The following are considered to be contact persons:
- Anyone who has touched the person infected with COVID-19 or been within less than 1,5 metres of them for more than 15 minutes
- Anyone who has spoken to the person infected with COVID-19
- Anyone who has cleaned biological fluids from the person infected with COVID-19 without protection
- Close friends
- Anyone living in the same home or visiting the same dormitory as the person infected with COVID-19
Contact persons are not considered to be infected and the probability that they will infect others is very low, however:
- They will be self-isolating at home for 14 days
- They will take their temperature twice a day
- They will be subject to medical monitoring
- They may undergo biological testing during this period
If a contact person develops COVID-19 (fever, symptoms or positive test), they become a confirmed case and the public health investigation is expanded to search for contact persons.
Like many viruses, by circulating and transmitting themselves, the coronavirus that appeared last year in China makes copies of itself.
However, this multiplication is accompanied by some "modifications" of the genome. These changes are called mutations. Some of these mutations are favorable to the virus and allow it to survive in new people or new environments. Sometimes a mutation results in the emergence of a new, slightly different strain of the virus called a variant.
COVID19 mutates like any other virus.
Screening for Covid19 variants is sought during a positive test for the Sars-CoV-2 coronavirus.
Regarding the symptoms, for the time being, according to observations, the clinical signs observed in people positive for the English variant VUI-202012/01 are exactly the same as during an infection with Sars-CoV-2 / Covid19 (fever , cough, loss of taste and smell, breathing difficulties, etc.).
If you have COVID-19 symptoms (fever, tiredness, headache, cough and sore throat, aches, difficulty breathing) :
- Stay at home – the people who live with you should stay at home too
- Implement barrier measures
- Contact your doctor by phone or seek a teleconsultation
If your symptoms get worse and you have difficulty breathing or feel breathless, contact the emergency services on 18 or 112.
If you have symptoms, contact your doctor or call the COVID call centre (92 05 55 00), which will inform you of the procedure for obtaining a PCR test if necessary.
If you think you have been in contact with someone positive for COVID-19, and you have no apparent symptoms, strictly observe the barrier measures (wearing a mask, hand washing, social distancing) including with your loved ones. If after 5 days, no symptoms have appeared, the risk becomes low that you have been infected.
However, we recommend that you consult this document which will tell you in detail the procedure to follow.
No, unless you are under chronic medication. The treatment for a poorly tolerated fever or aches and pains caused by COVID-19 or any other respiratory virus is paracetamol, up to a maximum dose of 60 mg/kg/day and 3 g/day. NSAIDs should not be taken.
On the other hand, if you are on steroids or other immunosuppressants for a chronic illness, do not stop taking them unless advised otherwise by the doctor treating you for this illness.
If you have been diagnosed with COVID-19, but the doctor who examined you did not identify any criteria requiring you to be hospitalised, you will be able to remain at home.
In this case, you will be treated remotely, for a period of 10 days after the onset of your symptoms or, if you have no symptoms, for a period of 10 days after taking your test.
Your doctor will be contacted and informed of the treatment that has been offered to you.
As part of your care, you will be contacted once or twice a day by a doctor who will monitor your medical condition, either by telephone or via teleconsultation.
If you wish, a social worker can ensure that you are put in touch with the logistical support teams who will bring shopping to your home or deliver meals in conjunction with Monaco Town Hall.